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学英语一定要背单词吗?

背单词那么枯燥,而且还容易忘。学英语一定要背单词吗?

The words are so boring and easy to forget. Do you have to memorize words in English?

巧妇难为无米之炊。学英语没有单词量,就像做饭没有食材一样。在国内的各种英语考试中,最常见的题型有听力、完形填空、阅读理解、写作等。它们分别考察什么呢?

One can't make bricks without straw. Learning English without vocabulary is like cooking without ingredients. Listening comprehension, cloze test, reading comprehension and writing are the most common types of English tests in China. What do they examine separately?

听力:考察同学们对单词读音和意思的把握,对词汇掌握程度的考察。

Listening: examine students' grasp of the pronunciation and meaning of words, and examine the degree of vocabulary acquisition.

完形填空:考察读懂文章意思的能力及词汇量,目前中高考更偏向词汇辨析方向。

Cloze Test: examining the ability and vocabulary to read the meaning of the article.

阅读理解:理解单词意思和读懂句子。

Reading comprehension: understanding the meaning of words and reading sentences.

写作:对单词的拼写、词义的理解、用法等都需要掌握。

Writing: we need to master spelling, understanding and usage of words.

一直以来,单词都在英语学习中扮演着不可或缺的角色,其实不仅仅是英语,在其他所有语言中,词汇都是血肉,都是核心,之所以表达的内容能够被人理解,主要都是通过词汇的变化体现出来的,正因如此,它的位置在语言的学习中是不会改变的。尽管英语学习的方法和理念在不断更新,但拥有词汇的质量高低仍然是影响整个学习效果的关键所在。

All the time, words have played an indispensable role in English learning. In fact, it is not only English, but in all other languages, the words are both flesh and blood. All the words are the core. The reason why the content can be understood is mainly reflected by the change of vocabulary. There is no change in learning. Although the methods and concepts of English learning are constantly updating, the quality of vocabulary is still the key to the whole learning effect.

在国外,大家也是需要背单词的。只不过,很多单词的记忆是放在阅读里的。国外的学生,从小学开始就要进行大量的阅读。有的时候,孩子不爱背单词,多半是方法不对。国内没有学习英语的语言环境,让孩子学习单词书,然后背诵记忆,连成年人都很难坚持每天这样背单词。有良好的语言环境,就会极大的激发学习英语的兴趣。家长不妨给孩子请外教,给孩子培养创造一个良好的英语学习环境,并给孩子增添一些学习英语的乐趣。

In foreign countries, people also need to memorize words. However, the memory of many words is in reading. Foreign students have to read a lot from primary school. Sometimes, children do not like to recite words. There is no language environment to learn English in China, so that children can learn word books and recite memories. Even adults can hardly keep reciting words every day. Having a good language environment will greatly stimulate interest in learning English. Parents may wish to invite foreign teachers for their children, cultivate their children to create a good English learning environment and add some fun to learning English.

背单词的方法有很多,不一定要按着传统的方式。但是不管用什么样的方式,单词量一定要足够。这是学好英语的基础。如果孩子不爱背单词,去找孩子喜欢的方式去学英语吧!

There are many ways to memorize words, not necessarily in a traditional way. But no matter what way it is, the amount of words must be enough. This is the foundation of learning English well. If children do not like to recite words, find the way children like to learn English.


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